|During World War II my father Jan A. Weststrate
started taking notes during BBC radio broadcasts
from the time the Germans prohibited possesion
of wireless sets in the Netherlands in May 1943
until the time the part of the Netherlands he
and his family lived in (the village of Krabbendijke
in the province of Zeeland) was liberated in October
1944 by the Allied forces.
The notes start on May 16th 1943 and end rather
abruptly on October 23rd 1944.
From the 23rd until the 26th of October Krabbendijke
was the scene of heavy fighting, resulting in the
liberation on October the 26th.(1)
From October the 27th 1944 until the 23rd of
January 1945 no electricity was available in
Five notebooks, in all some 1000 pages lay
forgotten more than 50 years, until a few years
ago my mother moved to a new home.
My father died in 1966.
In September 2003 I have started scanning
and transcribing these pages. This task will
probably take a few months.
Not all of the pages are clearly readable.
If you can correct or help transcribing
these pages, please send an email to
Please clearly state the page you are
Veere, september 2003.
(1) Wel bevrijd ... toch angst. Oorlogshandelingen
maart '44 - mei '45 Krabbendijke en omstreken.
Gert H. Kuijt, 1994, ISBN 90-70697-14-9
Drukkerij en boekhandel van Velzen B.V. - Krabbendijke
||Notes from World War II
BBC radio broadcasts
|Now all radio-sets in this country
have been confiscated by the Germans
and I will have to give up now during
the next few days I make a few notes
on what I still have heard over the
radio these last few days
1.15 p.m. Country magazine dealing with
4.15 p.m. Brain's trust Question-master
Donald McCullough, taking part a.o.
...., Julian Huxley, miss Harriman
(daughter mr. Harriman. Lease-Lend
7.30 p.m. Sandys at the theater
8.45 Recording of the Home Guard Parade in
Hyde Park where the king took the
9.30 a.m. Pealing of church Bells to
celebrate the Tunesian victory
today was Empire Youth's Day
9.00 p.m. News about confiscation of
radiosets in this country
If it means closing down radiostations
at Hilversum then the Dutch may
claim to have driven Dr. Goebels out
|original text 0001
|of the Dutch air
16.30 p.m. Transatlantic call people
to people dealing with River Thames
1.= 6.= 9.= pm. news
v Arnim ....... commanding German
forces in Tunesia now a prisoner
of war have been flown to England
and arrived there today.
9.- pm Despatch about life in freed
city of Tunis. In Tunis appears
an English Paper called Tunesian
Telegraph. Electric Power station
destroyed by Jerries. Watersupply
intact. Radiostation destroyed
now. Recording car intact kept secret
8.= p.m. Service St. Paul's Cathedral
Talk by Doctor about fatigue
" for anglers
12.45 p.m. Talk by 28 year old woman-
correspondent about fascism
and about women in China and
9.30 pm. Forces Bebé Daniels, Ben Lion
R.A.F. deliver perfume to Germany.
" sprinkled Cologne.
v. Arnim arrived without underwear.
v. Arnim lost his pants
|original text 0002
|10.15 Forces Newsletter
10.30 " music while you work,
calling all workers, David .....
and his band
The stars at night
are big and bright
Deep in the heart of Texas
The prairie sky
is wide and high
The sage in bloom
is like perfume
When the lights go on again
All over the world
When the boys come home again
and rain and snow is all that
will fall from the skie above
When the lights go on again
All over the world
And the ships will sail again
All over ------
Then we will have time for things
like weddingrings and free hearts
|original text 0003
|12.00 Home Service
newsreader Jack ...... . American
Thunderbolts made sweeps over
occupied countries 2 aircraft destroyed
mitchells bombed Cannes.
British typhoons bombed railway
targets at Le Treport.
Moscow reports Friday more
raids on Brijansk and combined
airattacks on ...... and Orel also
railway target there.
Fighting in Koeban continues
In the Donets Sovjets advanced
according to ........ ............
a codeword for a certain operation
was "Retribution" Subsequently
order from admiral Cunningham
was burn, sink, destroy.
Queen inspected boys of Red Cross
|original text 0004
|17/5 13 uur
reading Joseph McLeod
aircraft of bomber command
attacked targets in the Ruhr and
Rhineland also Berlin. 9 aircraft
bombercommand and 1 fighter
missing. Fighter aircraft carried
out intruder flights.
During raids over England 4
Focke Wulf bomb carrying planes
destroyed. Total force of German
aircraft employed about 20.
Germans raided S. East England, Essex
and Greater London area.
Little damage done, small loss
of lives. Monday morning 5 aircraft
destroyed during fighter patrols
our fighters covered an attack on
Cannes. The total Italian air-
strenght is small and inferior
Italy neglected building planes
of bombertypes. The bombers they
have have a small bomb-carrying
capacity. Italy concentrated on
swift ........ fighters which are out
of date. They have no night fighters
moreover the Italians are not well
off with airfields. Most important
|original text 0005
|aerodromes are in extreme North West
especially built for attacks on France.
Russians report fighting in Koeban
no important change other front
last week Russians destroyed 370
german aircraft for loss of 104
In S. West Pacific Kendari on
Celebes raided and also Lae on
New Guinea. no news about action
19.35 Forces. Irish Songs ..... . ....
21." news Frederick Allen reading
Mine carrying Lancasters wrecked in
early hours of monday morning
the 3 greatest waterdamms in Germany
Serious damage caused. Breaches were
early on monday 100 yards wide.
The river is in full flood 8 Lancasters
are missing but Wing Commander
Gibson who led the attack returned
safely. Several bridges washed away
Kassel is below the damms.
according to Sir Archibald Sinclair
who first gave the news of this
attack this is a heavy blow.
|original text 0006
|our fighters attacked E.boats off Belgian
coasts. whirlwinds attacked too.
Mosquitoes and Beaufighters also Monday
Beaufighters hit 2 supplyships off
dutch coasts 3 Escorts ablaze.
American heavy bombers made
a raid on Bordeaux. 14 planes
missing Wellingtons bombed air-
field Lido di Roma. Intruders
from Malta were over Western and
Southern Italy. Enemy shipping
off Greece attacked. 5 enemy planes destroyed
4 planes lost. Island of Zembra lying
of cape Bon occupied by british naval
forces. Marshall Messe who commanded
Italians in Tunis arrived by air in
England. Total of axis Generals amounts
to 26 generals. Further reconnaisance
of Ruhr Valley confirmed extensive
damage. Two blockade runners
scutled themselves i.e. "Silverplana"
4793 tons inward bound from Far
East with valuable cargo of rubber
and tin sighted 200 miles of cape
Finistere. Sank stern first by HMS.
Adventure. Entire ship's crew
rescued. Second blockade runner
|original text 0007
Especially see wording
text from "Evening Star"
May 18-1943 and compare
this to the written account
of the radio broadcast.
|motorvessel "Regensburg" 8068 tons
intercepted between Greenland and Iceland
by British Cruiser HMS "Glasgow" only 6
No news about fighting on Attoe Isles
operation going on. No news landfighting
in Burma. Pres. Roosevelt sent message
to Tsjang kai Tsjek thanking him for his
congratulations with the allied success
21.30 Home "The wet Duck". Till 22.50
24.= Fred Allen
American submarines sank 6 Jap
ships. tanker damaged. American
coalmining dispute arrived at another
deadlock. Damms are of the Eder and
(Names some planes:
Thunderbolts, Whirlwinds, mosquitoes
Mustangs, typhoons, Lancasters,
Bostons, Halifaxes, Flying Fortesses,
Wellingtons, Hurricanes, Spitfires,
Beaufighters, Hudsons, Hampdens
Swordfish, Venturers, Merodas,
Stirlings, kittyhawks, warhawks,
Swordfish, Seafires, Lightnings)
|original text 0008
||for Attoe Island
read Attu Island
|18/5 13.= Stewart Hibbard
Last night 3 enemy aircraft destroyed
a New Zealand fighter pilot destroyed a
Bombs were dropped in S. Wales. Caused
casualties of which some fatal.
American bombers bombed Larriaut
with good resilts. Torpedo-carrying
Hampdens and Beaufighters of Coastal
Command attacked ships near Dutch
coast, 2 sunk australian hospital-
8.15 Brain's trust (home) -9.=
Caroline Le Joan, mrs. Hamilton,
W.L. Andrews (editor Yorkshire post)
Jeffrey Crawther, commander ......
9.= news Frank Philips
more evidence raids on German damms.
Spitfires escorted Bostons who bombed
Abbeville airfield 1 Focke Wulf 190
destroyed. Typhoons attacked Poi
airfield in N. France. 5 aircraft are
missing. Thunderbolts were over Belgium
and destroyed an ME 109.
great devastation caused by bombed
damms. extreme flooding from
Kassel to center of the Ruhr.
|original text 0009
||for Stewart Hibbard
read Stuart Hibberd
read Poix (probably)
|New successes of our submarines
are reported after torpedoing an Italian
destroyer has been sunk.
Mines were laid in enemy waters
Targets in Southern Germany were bombed
Near palermo destroyers were attacked
V.C. has been posthumously awarded to
acting Captain F.T. Peters.
S. Italy. Sicily and Sardinia were
attacked. raiders from Malta attacked
targets on Sicily. 4 German planes
destroyed by Beaufighters.
High water is reported from the Rhine and
Weser below Kassel. Roads are flooded
and only heads of trees are to be seen.
Ederdamm fed 3 electric power
stations. Most important is
Möhne damm. In Egean Sea and
near Coast of Greece a small supply
ship has been sunk by gunfire
One of our subs penetrated into
the harbour of Porto Torres and
damaged a supply ships
Attlee moved a resolution in the
Commons paying tribute to N.
african forces. Empire and British
casualities since war with Italy
began amounted to 220000 killed,
|original text 0010
|wounded, missing and taken prisoner
German casualties amount to 227000
and Italian to 400000.
a part in campaign raid
Lancs fuseliers, Hamps Regiment,
Argyll and Sunderland Highlanders
Royal fuseliers, Seaforth Highlanders
York and Lancs Reg. Gordon "
cameron High. Royal West Kent Reg.
Amongst forces now in Tunis are
Derbyshire and Staffs Notts Yeomanry
No change is reported from Russia
Germans are attacking in Koeban
U.S.A. forces make progress on Attoe
Island. Japanese offering stubborn
resistance New issue of S. African
oranges for children. extra sugar for
jam-making on schools. 4 lbs per
after news in forces story about 27
Frenchmen who were shot on 22/10/1941
in a camp at Chateaubriand
12.= Morris Shillington
Tunis well over 200000 prisoners.
Möhne reservoir empty Breaches in
Eder, Möhne damms both 200 feet
each. Kassel partly flooded Whole
valley under water
|original text 0011
1.= n.m. Frederick Allen
Yesterday night fighter intruders shot
up over 20 trains in enemy occupied
territory The fighters were long distance
fighters and one aircraft is missing
a few enemy aircraft crossed the
coast Some came as far as London
one raider has been destroyed
Reconnaisance carried out yesterday
of Weser and Ruhr valley showed that
the floods had reached parts of Kassel
From the Russian front no change
The rest of the personal message from
General Montgomery to the men
of the 8th army has been published
The united nations' Food conference
at Hotspring has been opened today.
During a talk about an new type
of aircraft escortships we were told
that Seafires are fighters operating
from these carriers.
It was told that Prime Minister
Churchill's address to joint session
of congres will be heard at 6.30 pm of the
6 o'clock news whereas the special will
be recorded and broadcast again.
|original text 0012
|after the 9 o'clock news.
The speech which lasted from 6.30 to 7.25
a hour was made with the recording
car on Radio allotments after
news at 1 pm.
9. o'clock news was heard but
heard speech by Churchill and
splendid ovation he got from
members of US. Congress.
12. pm Reader Richard Wessel.
This afternoon a heavy force of
American bombers bombed
shipbuilding yards at Flushing and
Kiel. Six bombers are missing
from this operation. Over Northern
France offensive sweeps were
carried out by fighters. 1 enemy
fighter has been destroyed.
The flooded waters of the Möhne
damm raid extend to 60 miles
The breach in Eder damm flooded
a.o. an aerodrome where everything
hangars included disappeared
The floods have reached Kassel 45
miles away from damm and
have even extended to over 50 miles.
The number of prisoners in Tunesia
|original text 0013
|now totals 224000 whereas the
number captured the last two months
amounts to 276000 prisoners
Yesterday medium bombers
attacked Pantellaria Island
90 tons of bombs were dropped
Hits were seen on 6 vessels in
the docks. Trapani on the West Coast
of Sicily was raided by Flying For-
tresses escorted by Lightning
fighters. 6 German fighters out
of some 25 who appeared were
brought down. 7 of our planes
were lost. The Germans report that
in Russia there is fighting on the
Koeban and near Izjum
Joseph Davies, carrying personal
message from Roosevelt to Stalin
arrived at Moscow today.
Churchill said o.a. in his address
delivered today that all country
occupied by Japan will have to
be returned. He pointed out that
wavell did not come all the way
from India for the health or
benefits of the mikado of Japan.
Joint airforces of Britain and USA
will be brought to bear on targets
|original text 0014
|of military importance in the homeland
of Japan. The total of trucks, in Britain
they are called lorries but the
Americans are using petrol instead
of gasoline amounts to 70000.
Numbers of air attacks continue
to count more. The output of
allied planes exceeds that of the axis
opinions differ on the question
whether airpower alone will be
able to bring defeat of axis about
but it is well worth trying it.
In the destruction of the German
damms 19 Lancasters were employed
Air war is a major factor in the
problem of victory
The battle of Tunesia is an equal
blow to the enemy as the loss of
Stalingrad. One continent is
now cleansed. 950000 soldiers
2.400.000 gross tons of shipping have
been sunk, 8000 aircraft lost,
2500 tanks captured or lost and also
6200 guns. These are the losses which
the African excursions mean for
Hitler and Mussolini. Churchill
|original text 0015
|hopes it will be possible to have a
meeting with Stalin and Tsjang kay
Tsjek. Russia bears the main
land fighting. 190 German and 28
satelite divisions are bound by
Russia. a Third assault on Russia
is likely to be started by Hitler but he
will not succeed.
|original text 0016
Having been away today I could only
listen to the midnight news at 12 pm.
which was read bij Robert Robinson,
Mosquitoes of bombercommand
bombed last night targets at Berlin
not one aircraft is missing
whirlwinds of fighter command
bombed the airfield at amiens
Intruder patrols were busy over
Northern France and Belgium where
railways and canal targets were
Mosquitoes of fighter command have
also attacked the airfield at ....
a beaufighter damaged 3 trains
1 enemy aircraft has been destroyed
a small number of fighter-bombers
were over Essex and London
Seys Inquart broadcast to the
people of Holland and spoke about
the extension of martial law
over the whole country
There is no news of any change on
the Russian fronts. Preparations
are ........ made and it is
likely that great things are to
come during tough fights over
|original text 0017
|Mediterranean the Luftwaffe lost
72 aircraft against loss of 4
of ours. The German fighters tried to save
the Sicilian airfields. In the number
of 72 are also included 37 planes
destroyed on the ground.
Fighters based on Malta raided
railway targets on Sicily
mr. Molotov received Joseph Davies
and admiral Standley the USA
ambassador at Moscow.
An Irish ship has been torpedoed
in the atlantic as has been
announced by radio Dublin
Two topedoes were fired tot the
ship. The crew were picked up
|original text 0018
aircraft of the strategic airforce
destroyed 113 aircraft yesterday.
This number is made up of 91
on the ground and 22 in airfights.
We lost 1 plane. Flying Fortresses
bombed Rosita, 80 miles N.W. of Rome
The attack was a model of
precision in bombing. Hits were
seen on buildings and aircraft on
the ground. For the first time since
december last bombs fell on Malta
The amount of bombs was small and
only a few wqere dropped The attack
was carried out by some 36 Focke
Wulf 190 escorted by ME9. 2 F.W's were
shot down. Warhawks and merodas
carried out attacks especially
against airfields on Sardinia
which was also done by mitchells
escorted by Lightnings.
Homebased mosquitoes bombed
targets at Berlin whereas last
night mines were also laid in
enemy waters. President Roosevelt
said to a press-conference that
staff-talks were going on well.
|original text 0019